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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 165-168

Thromboembolic disease - Etiological factors and diagnostic approach

1 Department of General Surgry, General Hospital, Konjic, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Sarajevo School of Science and Technology; Department of Cardiology, General Hospital “Prim.dr. Abdulah Nakas”, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Edis Dzino
General Hospital, Konjic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/rcm.rcm_26_18

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Background: The aim of the article was to define etiological factors for the occurrence of thromboembolism venous and arterial segments and preview of the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic procedures in the treatment algorithm. Patients and Methods: The study included 60 patients during the 4-year period. The patients are classified into two groups according to the type of thromboembolism, in the group under the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism and group under the diagnosis of arterial thromboembolism. Results: Statistical analysis showed that arterial thromboembolisms occurred statistically significant later in comparison to venous (t = 4.0969; P = 0.0001). The mortality relationship with all analyzed parameters (age, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, platelets, gender, D-dimer, fibrinogen, immobility, veins surgery, pregnancy, smoking, orthopedic trauma, neoplasms, and pulmonary embolism) showed that statistically significant association was observed only in the case of pulmonary embolism. Conclusion: Biochemical parameters of the blood of patients; red blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration, and platelet counts in the study conducted showed a positive relationship with the occurrence of venous thromboembolism while D-dimer and fibrinogen present in increased values in most patients with venous and arterial thromboembolism. Pulmonary embolism directly affects the outcome of patients with thromboembolic diseases taking into account that in the study conducted in venous thrombosis complicated pulmonary embolism resulted in deaths.

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