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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 1

Prenatal and cardiovascular outcome in pregnant patients with dyspnea


1 Women Health Research Center, Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
2 Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
3 Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
4 Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran
5 Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, IR Iran

Correspondence Address:
Farveh Vakilian
Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad
IR Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Pregnancy is a physiologic phenomenon in women, which leads to significant hemodynamic changes in cardiovascular system. Many patients reach reproductive age due to improvements in diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases. Dyspnea is a common complaint in pregnant women and can be a sign to refer patients for an easy and feasible workup such as echocardiography. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate dyspnea as a common complaint in pregnant women and its prenatal outcome. Patients and Methods: Pregnant patients with dyspnea NYHA class > II were included. A thorough physical examination and routine lab tests were performed. Echocardiography was performed to rule out previous cardiac and lung diseases, anemia and thyroid disorders. It was repeated monthly till one month after delivery. Collected data was analyzed after one year. Results: Fifty patients were enrolled with a mean age of 30.49 ± 6.34 years. 58% of them, had NYHA class II, 40% III and 2% IV. Pulmonary rales were diagnosed in 8% and palpitation in 80%, while all had normal lab tests. Mean EF value was 52.26 ± 6.80; 54% had valvular diseases and 12% had pulmonary hypertension. Cesarean section was performed in 26, preeclampsia occurred in 7 and 21 had preterm labor. Three neonates had anomalies and six had an Apgar score below six. Mean birth weight was 2897 ± 540.00 grams. A significant association was found between NYHA Class with valvular disease (P = 0.007) and sys PAP (P = 0.036); however, it had an inverse correlation with LV EF (P = 0.06). Conclusions: Dyspnea may coincide with cardiac dysfunction and poor prenatal outcome in pregnant patients. In such cases echocardiography is a feasible screening tool.


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